Python is one of the leading programming languages that is widely used and offers best of frameworks for development. Flask and Django are two most sought-after Web Frameworks for Python. So which one should you choose? Going through the features and benefits of each will help you decide the best framework for you.
Understanding Web Framework
Web framework can be defined as a component that lets a web developer simplify the web application development process. It can be compared to a toolkit that includes the following and ensures a steady base for application:
– Web Services
Hence, a web framework facilitates you to build application sans creating it from scratch. In case, of Python, a number of web frameworks are available, including Bottle, Django, Flask, Pyramid, etc. Each web framework is known to have its own set of pros and cons. Choice of framework mainly depends on your needs as a web professional.
Flask and Django are the most popular of these frameworks. Here’s an overview on both to help you decide on one as per your specific requirements:
Flask and its Features
Launched in the year 2010, it was introduced as an open-source web development framework. Presently, it is the most widely used web framework for Python. The functioning of this framework is similar to a LEGO set. This means developers can easily build whatever they wish to. So, Flask is easier to use and understand.
Ease of Use
The minimalistic approach to Flask ensures all necessary features; a developer requires for building a prototype for a web application without any hassles. With Flask, developers can take control and enjoy flexibility while developing their web apps. A wide range of templating languages come from Flask with the Jinja2 library (default language). WSGI toolkit library (inbuilt) and web server are also available with Flask. Hence, there’s no need to rely on external web servers such as Apache for testing your app.
Speed is definitely the most important feature for a user. Since Flask follows a minimalist design approach, it promises faster performance ratio as compared to Django. It can support many hundreds of queries each second sans any negative impact.
Easier Integration of Database
Flask is not available with an additional database access layer. Also, there’s no dependence on ORM (Object-Relational Mapping). This makes database toolkits integration easier such as the NoSQL databases and SQLAlchemy (DynamoDB and MongoDB).
Django and its Features
Released in the year 2005, Django is aimed at larger web applications. It comes with an ORM that allows users to switch between a huge number of relational databases fast. Django also offers Django REST and MVC framework.
Streamlined Database Management
With the help of ORM, Django allows for varied relational databases. Some of these include SQLite, MySQL, PostgreSQL, Oracle, etc. These help to establish smooth interaction with application data. With Django, it is possible to allow models and automatic creation of tables and fields without any hassles. Additionally, it takes a single command for changes such as creating indexes and tables.
The REST framework of Django supports REST-ful API. There is also ample support for inbuilt user model API for authentication and authorization. Hence, it supports human-friendly HTML output generation for resource upon an HTML format request. With these pages, developers can browse for resources easily. Additionally, they can execute POST and GET easily in their browsers. Since Django’s browsable API is built with Bootstrap, the customization process is simple.
Valuable Admin Panel
Django is available with a very useful admin panel. It is automatic and highly customizable for users. Django’s admin panel ensures easier CMS (Content Management System) production and development. If you need consulting so visit here: www.smanikdesign.com
To Sum Up
Generally, Flask and Django are two diverse frameworks. Both have its own set of pros and cons. When it comes to choosing a framework, the choice should be genuinely based on your requirements as a developer and what you deal with. Django is known to be a highly suitable choice for heavier and complex applications. On the other hand, Flask is a good choice for lightweight simpler web apps.
In case, you are a beginner, Flask is the recommended framework. It makes for a brilliant learning tool that comes with a wide range of libraries and modules. Django is best used for delivering a final and highly professional product. Flask too can supply the same, but Django might offer a slightly sharper learning curve if you are a novice.